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Psychopharmacology and Intellectual Disability: The Continuing Dilemmas of "Challenging Behaviour"

Optimal pharmacotherapy in treating the mental disorders seen in persons with intellectual disabilities relies on care plans formulated on a broad biopsychosocial perspective.

  • An inclination for these individuals to present with behavioral features, particularly aggression, has contributed to a long-standing pattern of overuse of antipsychotic medications.
  • Many jurisdictions, having closed their traditional institutions, have yet to establish the specialized secondary and tertiary mental health services needed to provide care and relevant professional training.
  • Contemporary advances in genetics and neuroscience hold promise in facilitating accurate diagnosis and individualized medical interventions i.e., “personalized medicine” for these individuals.


Bruce D McCrearyl

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