Prevalence of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder and its Associated Factors among Students of Tabor Secondary and Preparatory School in Hawassa City, Ethiopia, Cross-Sectional Study

Background: The premenstrual dysphoric disorder is a severe and disabling form of premenstrual Syndrome affecting 3%-8% of menstruating women. The disorder consists of a cluster of affective, behavioral, and somatic symptoms that recur monthly during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder was added to the list of depressive disorders in the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders in 2013. The exact pathogenesis of the disorder is still unclear.

Objective: To assess the Determinants of Premenstrual dysphoric disorder and its effect on academic performance among Hawassa tabor secondary and preparatory school students.

Methods: A cross-sectional institutional based was conducted among 351 randomly selected female students of Hawassa tabor school. Data were collected by three students were facilitate the works with a closed-ended structured questionnaire and they were trained on how to collect the data. The collected data was entered, analyzed, and cleaned by SPS.

Results: The prevalence of each symptom is more than ninety percent or 324 (92.3%) respondents may not have experienced unpleasant physical or emotional symptoms peculiar to the five days before the onset of menses and 27 (7.7%) participants have shown the symptoms. Among those 26 (7.4%) have present for the past ≥ 3 consecutive cycles. 46 (13.1%) have a family history of such symptoms.

Conclusion: These findings have implications for both women and medical providers, who should be aware that PMS symptoms are prevalent and often distressing, yet also understand that the severity of symptoms may remit over times.


Mulugeta Gobena Tadesse

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